labor force they cannot be counted as an unemployed person and the
unemployment rate goes down. They are no longer actively seeking work
and it might be because they are discouraged workers. The lower
unemployment rate can be misleading in this case. People dropping out of
the labor force might indicate a weak labor market.
We could look at the employment to population ratio instead, since that
includes those not in the labor force. But that includes
everyone over 16 and that means that senior citizens are in the group
but many of them have retired. The more that retire, the lower this
ratio would be and that might be misleading. It would not necessarily
mean the labor market is weak.
But we have this ratio for people age 25-54 (which also eliminates college age people who might not be looking for work)
Click here to see the BLS data. It rose to 78.63% in 2017 from 77.925% in 2016. The last time we had 4 or more straight years of a 0.5 or more gain was 1984-89. But we are still below the 79.9% of 2007 (the recession started in Dec. 2007).
Here is a good graph from the St. Louis Fed.
It shows that there are about 125 million people in the 25-54 year old
group. So since we are 1.26 percentage points below the 79.9% of 2007, that is still 1.58 million fewer jobs (Hat tip: Vance Ginn of the Texas Public Policy Foundation).