The aim of this article is to draw attention to the work of a conflict analyst whose theory of ‘protracted social conflict’ – developed in a sustained. A Theory of Protracted Social Conflict. Edward E Azar, one of the forefathers of the conflict resolution field was the first to the describe violent events in the. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict.

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The relevance of Edward Azar’s theory of protracted social conflict in the context of Rwanda

Conflict resolution can truly occur and last if satisfactory amelioration of underdevelopment occurs as well. The majority of Tamils live in northern and eastern provinces and claim them as their traditional homeland. All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from April Articles with permanently dead external links Wikipedia introduction cleanup from September All pages needing cleanup Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from September All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify.

The resultant disconnection of society and the state can be linked to the colonial legacy, which, “artificially imposed European ideas of territorial statehood edwxrd a multitude of communal groups. To alleviate the “underdevelopments” Azar holds responsible for protracted social violence, and in turn overcome the conflict resulting from underdevelopment, Azar points to the confloct of security, development, political access and identity in terms of cultural and religious expression.

Abstract The complexity of the conflict in Rwanda has called for the application of various theories, suggestions and recommendations to the situation by various scholars and researchers in an attempt for conflict resolution.

Protracted social conflict

Journal of Conflict Resolution 49 6— From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This results in the domination of certain identity groups over others. At this point, actors begin to see where their identities converge, and where they diverge. The ARIA model is a comprehensive, yet specific approach to resolving protracted social conflict.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Before the independence of Cyprusthe island’s Greek and Turkish communities coexisted relatively peacefully. Therefore, the theory needs to be accorded due recognition. Studying protracted conflict leads one to conclude that peace is development in the broadest sense of the term. The needs of the various parties are, in turn, the underlying causes of the conflict.

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This element, which contributes to the initial creation of protracted social conflict, consists of the fact that people involved in protracted social conflicts create their own identity groups. However, it remains a challenge for conflict analysts and peace builders to arrive at an accurate assessment of the actual causes of the conflict for successful resolution and this provokes further analysis of the Rwanda conflict.

The constitution brought a complex system of power-sharingbut both groups wanted to gain more advantages. This involves the “political—economic relations of economic dependency within the international economic system, and the network of political-military linkages constituting regional and global patterns of clientage and cross-border interest.

Contemporary Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research 38 3— Although the Cyprus conflict now lasts for a long time, its resolution does not seem to be close. JavaScript is disabled for your browser.

Protracted social conflict is a theory developed by Edward Azar. The major conflict began with the independence inwhen Greek community wanted a union enosis with Greece, to which the Turkish community opposed. Such identity-driven rifts are the result of an underlying fear of extinction that often grows within vulnerable ethnic groups who live with the memories or fear of persecution and massacre.

With government being “endowed with the authority to govern and use force where necessary to regulate society, to protect citizens, and to provide collective goods,” [8] the government plays a leading role in the satisfaction or lack of satisfaction of minority and identity groups. The structure of the government needs to be changed so that all citizens are equally cared for and equally represented without bias or corruption. It generally refers to conflicts described by other researchers as protracted or intractablei.

Protracted social conflict – Wikipedia

In the Ceasefire agreement was signed, and the government agreed to disarm all paramilitary groups in the north and east. Groups that seek to satisfy their identity and security needs through conflict are in effect seeking change in the structure of their society.

The incidents escalated into a war in Julyafter the island-wide pogrom against Tamils. Later voluntary regrouping of population resulted in another 10, Greek Cypriots leaving the northern part, and 40, Turkish Cypriots moving esward the north, which created two homogeneous ethnic zones on edwars island. Olson, “From Interest to Identities: After parties have articulated their animosities, the next stage is termed the reflexive—reframing stage where the “why” and “who” of the issue is examined.


The term refers to conflict situations characterized by the prolonged and often violent struggle by communal groups for such basic needs as security, recognition, acceptance, fair access to political institutions, and economic participation. To overcome this division of society, national identity must be stressed over individual group identity.

The war, that has continued aazr then, has almost completely disrupted civil administration in the northern province and caused economic devastation of the whole country.

When Greek Cypriots wanted to reduce autonomy and representation of Turkish Cypriots, the latter opposed it and intercommunal violence broke out. Their tactics, proscribed as terrorist aza many countries, are ruthless, brutal and highly efficient in eliminating their opposition. Numerous peace proposals and plans have been made, but more or less unsuccessful.

Conflict resolution approaches that focus on resources, or the interests of parties, may be appropriate means of conflict resolution in conflicts where the only issues are those of resource and interests; however, in protracted social conflicts the main issue is identity-based. Metadata Show full item record. By bringing animosities to the forefront, it is hoped that the mutual benefits of ending the conflict can be realized.

Four preconditions are isolated by Azar as the predominant sources of protracted social conflict: The researcher used the qualitative research approach, through which he was able to find the oscial facts, opinions, attitudes, and experiences about Rwanda conflicts from different informants in Rwanda through interviews and focus groups discussions.

Such a need for structural change is likely eddard result in conflivt violent conflict.

In the northern part declared Turkish Federated State of Cyprus, which declared independence in as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprusrecognized only by Turkey. Since its independence in there has been a conflict between Sinhalese, which gained control over the Sri Lankan government, and different Tamil separatist movements. Therefore, this research work is a potential significant contribution to the building of meaningful and sustainable peace in Rwanda.