participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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This lack of regulation that ignores 995 importance of discussing the location of this category – which is predominantly composed of private properties – in a sort of intersection between the full protection and sustainable use groups, generates often-insurmountable obstacles to the management process.
However, the current study is not interested in discussing this differentiation; thus, it is important 99985 keep in mind that only the protected areas in the form of conservation units are herein analyzed.
SNUC – Leis de Crimes Ambientais by Elder Santos on Prezi
On the other hand, the decrees that created the other RVS refer to the RVS concept found leei the SNUC text, which concerns the protection of “natural environments that ensure the conditions for the existence or reproduction of species or communities” in a broader way.
Based on this survey, the study sought to identify the critical points in the SVR category concept within the SNUC preparation context. Services on Demand Journal. Federal RVS creation and management By analyzing the decrees that created the Federal Refuges, it was possible to see that only one of the seven existing refuges has some direct relation to the protection of fauna species among its goals.
The goal of protecting natural spaces as well as their attributes serves the current and future generations. Thus, the delimitation of protected areas emerged as a response to international criticism, and many of these initiatives excluded and sometimes expelled local populations.
It is worth highlighting that the ECO 92 Earth Summitin which such a report was presented, was held in On the other hand, Feldmann’s clean bill stated that “the private properties held in the Wildlife Refuges may breed domestic animals compatible with the unit’s purposes, according to its Management Plan” SOUZA,Annex A.
This definition of indirect use involves serious limitations, since it is almost impossible to identify any production activity that does not imply at least consumption or collection. At that time, the government started the debates about the SNUC. Methodology The herein presented research encompasses literature review and documentary research, as well as leii done with a key-informant who participated in decisive moments related to the preparation of the National Conservation Unit System, which is a public policy that set the Wildlife Refuge category in This snc – starting from the category origin, passing through the concepts expressed in the creation of federal RVS, and coming to the everyday management of these CUs – generates difficulties due to the lack of regulation to the category.
The bill also snud the introduction of non-native species in the CUs, but it did not mention the exceptions related to the RVS category. The incentives were essentially directed to the expansion of agricultural and urban borders and to the deployment of infrastructures. However, Brazil only ratified the Biodiversity Convention in However, these initiatives were inspired by international experiences, especially those of the United States and Europe.
Salvador, ano VI, n. Historical background of the brazilian conservation unit category Firstly, it is worth clarifying the difference between protected areas and conservation units.
However, these difficulties are not strong enough to consider it as an unviable category.
Pureza shows another understanding of the possible inspiration for the RVS category definition. Thus, the current study proposes to broaden our perspective regarding the Wildlife Refuge category, not only regarding what appears to be its main aspect, namely: However, the bill did not present the definition of ‘indirect use’.
Menezes and Siena discussed the distribution of environmentalist ii trends preservationism, socio-environmentalism and sustainism in the ICMBio technical framework llei the Legal Amazon.
On the other hand, the documentary research focused on investigating bills, minutes of meetings and public hearings, standards and relevant legislation in order to reconstruct the history of the Brazilian Conservation Units’ creation and management, especially that of the RVS category.
According to this understanding, this category may have been considered as a sort of Natural Monument i concept applied to the biological context. SNUC, in its broad range of CU categories, meets preservationist and socio-environmentalist goals, and it also allows certain flexibility in categories such as RVS.
Although the SNUC elaboration process took a decade to be developed, the RVS category definition, specifically, has undergone drafting changes that distanced it from the allegedly followed model the American Wildlife Refuges.
Como elaborar projetos de pesquisa. It encompassed, ssnuc its goals, the management of the hitherto existing conservation units National Parks, Biological Reserves and National Forests. According to Rodriguesthe Wildlife Refuge category was inspired by the American National Wildlife Refuges, which purpose is to preserve the wildlife resources in the country by focusing on endangered species, and it also provides recreation and environmental education.
However, the international debates had some influence in Brazil, so that one of the goals of the Second National Development Plan snucc “achieving development without deteriorating the quality of life and, especially, without devastating the national heritage of natural resources” MEDEIROS,p.
The herein proposed reflection is organized in seven sections, namely: Inthe predecessor of the concept of sustainable development emerged in Stockholm.
According to the bill BRASIL,the RVS must ensure conditions for the existence and reproduction of local flora species or communities as well as of resident or migratory fauna.