Apart from the Permanent Settlement, there were other kinds of land revenue system under the British in India. These were the Ryotwari and the Mahalwari. The Mahalwari was a revenue collection system that was introduced by Holt Mackenzie in British was one of the three major land tenure systems. The Mahalwari system was one of the three major land revenue settlements of British colonial India introduced under the administration of East India Company.

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What does mahalwari mean – Definition of mahalwari – Word finder

The Mahalwari system Hindi: The other mahawari systems were the Permanent Settlement of Bengal in and the Ryotwari system in During the s, the British tried to establish their control over the administrative machinery of India. The System of Land Revenue acted as a chief source of income of the British. Land was one of the most important source of income for the British.

Thus, they used land to control the entire Revenue system, strengthening their economic condition in India. Along with the village communities, the landlords were jointly responsible for the payment of the revenues. But, individual responsibility was always there.


The land included under this system consisted of all land of the villages, even the forestland, pastures etc. This system was prevalent in the parts of Uttar Pradeshthe North Western province, parts of Central India and Punjab [2] the Mahalwari system was introduced in the parts of central india and punjab due to the fertility of these two areas.

The north-western states and Awadh also known as Oudh were two important territories acquired by the British in India. The village headman or Lambardar was completely responsible for all the recommendations, the survey of lands, preparation of the records of rights in lands, settlement of the land revenues, demand in the Mahals, and the collection of the land revenue.

The Regulation VII of accredited the legal sanction to these recommendations. However, quite unfortunately, this system broke down as the state demand was excessively large and its working was quite rigid.

The amount, payable by the cultivators was quite more than what they could afford. The government of William Bentinck made a thorough revision of the act ofand thus the Mahalwari System was introduced. They realized that the result of the Regulation of was nothing other than widespread misery. After a prolonged consultation, the Government finally passed a new regulation in It played a lage part in making the system more flexible.


The process of preparing estimates of produce and rents was simplified too. It also introduced the fixation of the average rents for different classes of soil. This scheme functioned under Mettins Bird.

The processes of measuring land, examining soil quality was improved further. The Mahalwari system of land revenue worked under the scheme of was completed under the administration of James Thompson.

Mahalwari system

However, the British officers hardly cared of these rules. This created widespread discontent among the Indians. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

A case study of the Benares region”. The Journal of Asian Studies.

Mahalwari System

Association for Asian Studies. Retrieved from ” https: Articles containing Hindi-language text All articles with unsourced statements Syetem with unsourced statements from February Views Read Edit View history.

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